What is sun allergy?
What is sun allergy?
Sun allergy occurs when the harmful effects of sun rays create sensitivity on the skin. In some people, sunburn, accessories such as necklaces and earrings, various cosmetic creams and perfumes can combine with sunlight and cause the effects of sun allergy.
Sun allergy is tissue and cell damage caused by free oxygen and hydroxyl radicals formed on the skin after excessive exposure to the sun. Sun allergy symptoms vary according to skin structure and the area exposed to sunlight. We see the effects of sun allergy in the skin tissue that is most exposed to the sun or in areas that come into contact with chemicals.
What are the symptoms of sun allergy?
The most common symptoms of sun allergy include redness, itching and skin rash. Tiny bumps and bumps may occur on the skin along with itching in the area of sun allergy.
The effect of sun allergy decreases as age increases, so sun allergy symptoms appear more intensely in children and young people. White-skinned babies and babies are more prone to sun allergy because their skin is more sensitive.
In which areas are sun allergies most common?: The areas most heavily affected by the sun, namely the neck, outer part of the hands, lower arms and lower legs, are the areas with the most sun allergies.
How can you protect yourself from sun allergy?
- Before going out in the sun, make sure to apply sunscreen that has at least SPF 30+ protection and protects your skin against UVA + UVB rays. You should apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside and renew it every 2 hours. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen on your neck, back of your arms and on your hands!
- Be careful not to go out between the hours of 10:00-15:00 when the sun is most intense, try to spend time in the shade to avoid sun allergy.
- Lips are the most forgotten areas. To protect your lips, you should use lip balm with SPF 30 protection.
- Use sunglasses developed against UV rays, you should not use fake sunglasses in summer.
- You can minimize the risk of sun allergy by wearing long-sleeved cotton clothes when going out in the sun.
How can you treat sun allergy?
You’re starting to see the signs of sun allergy, alas! If your sun allergy symptoms suit you and you feel itchy and tender on your skin, don’t go out in the sun for 3 to 5 days. You can control the sensitivity by protecting the allergy area well. Many people with sun allergies can reduce these symptoms by protecting themselves from the sun. However, if the sensitivity caused by sun allergy does not go away after 5 days, you should go to a dermatologist. Because the effects of sun allergy can increase over time and cause more damage to the skin.
In the treatment of sun allergy, antihistamine drugs and skin-relieving creams are usually given. At this stage, the definition of allergy, the degree of allergy and the determination of the cause of the allergy are very important. For this reason, before using the drug, you should definitely go to the dermatologist and be examined.
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