07/12/2022
Nutrition

What is malnutrition? – 2022

nutrition

What is malnutrition?

Malnutrition is a one-sided, deficient diet in which important additives, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins are missing. Malnutrition is specified in malnutrition and undernutrition.

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What is malnutrition?

Malnutrition is a one-sided, deficient diet in which important additives, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins are missing. Malnutrition is specified in malnutrition and undernutrition.

Malnutrition is a condition in which the body shows clear signs of a lack of energy. The missing components (protein, vitamins) have to be supplied to the body in other ways in order to maintain a functioning metabolism.

Malnutrition is often associated with a vitamin deficiency. Those affected also usually suffer from malnutrition from being underweight and/or dehydrated. Put simply, malnutrition describes a mismatch between nutrient requirements and nutrient intake.

Causes

Older people and nursing home patients are more likely to suffer from malnutrition, especially when they are no longer able to take care of their own diet and do not consume enough food and liquids.

Morbid anorexia nervosa leads to significant malnutrition. Here we are no longer talking about malnutrition, but about malnutrition, which if left untreated can lead to death. Young girls in particular are affected by this form of malnutrition. This eating disorder has its causes in the social sphere (fashion, slimness ideal) and must be treated primarily psychologically.

The same applies to bulimia (eating addiction). A food intolerance or an excessive change in diet as part of a diet can also lead to malnutrition. Malnutrition is often associated with poverty.

In fact, people in developing countries often suffer from life-threatening malnutrition due to unbalanced and lack of food. Eating just one food (mainly fish, mainly rice) also leads to serious deficiency symptoms.

Symptoms, Ailments & Signs

The symptoms of malnutrition affect the entire body when all or almost all nutrients are lacking. Otherwise, there are also specific symptoms in the absence of individual substances.

A lack of carbohydrates leads to circulatory problems, tiredness, a feeling of weakness and headaches. Sometimes there are visual disturbances. A protein deficiency manifests itself in a weakened immune system and a reduction in muscle mass. In addition, the body’s self-healing powers are weakened and other diseases tend to take a more severe course.

A lack of individual vitamins or minerals shows up in various symptoms. This leads to changes in the complexion and hair growth. Iron deficiency leads to anemia and severe fatigue.

Other symptoms that can occur with malnutrition include, for example, permanent circulatory problems. These increase the risk of falls and accidents. Movement processes can be disturbed, the skeletal muscles become weaker. The risk of a broken bone is increased. This can also be caused by broken down substance in the bones.

A weakened heart also occurs. It usually pumps more slowly and cardiac arrhythmias develop. Breathing also becomes shallower, the breaths become shorter.

Slight malnutrition usually only leads to exhaustion and loss of appetite. Severe malnutrition can trigger the symptoms listed and also neurological disorders (especially temporary neurological lapses).

Diagnosis & History

Malnutrition starts slowly and is hardly noticed at first. The body feels weak and tired, and there are also difficulties concentrating and an increased susceptibility to illnesses (colds, skin rashes).

Weight loss only becomes noticeable later, because the body initially draws the missing nutrients from its own reserves in the event of malnutrition. The skin turns gray and dries out, muscle atrophy and stomach inflammation occur. Obese people suffer from circulatory problems due to malnutrition.

Hello our dear visitor. Welcome to the largest ongoing health tourism site in Turkey. Do not make any attempt to benefit from any health service in Turkey without consulting us.
You can write to info@bmhealth-care.com for any questions you may have.

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