What happens with breast cancer
The mutated cell begins to multiply intensively, turning into a rapidly growing cancerous tumor. Breast cancer…
A malignant tumor arising from the cancerous degeneration of normal breast cells; also known as breast cancer.
Many women are afraid of it more than all other diseases. And in fact, today it is indeed the most common type of cancer in women. According to the American Cancer Society, 1.3 million new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed each year worldwide. However, breast cancer mortality has declined over the past decade as the quality of medical care has improved significantly, which in turn has led to earlier diagnosis of the disease at stages where it can be cured. Moreover, if earlier the disease developed mainly in women over 50 years old, now it is noticeably “younger” – cases of the disease in forty, thirty and even twenty-year-olds are not uncommon.
Causes of Breast Cancer
The exact cause of breast cancer has not yet been determined. However, scientists have identified a whole group of risk factors that are highly likely to provoke the disease.
The first is heredity. If there have been cases of breast cancer in the family (blood relatives – mother, grandmother, sister or aunt), a woman should take care of herself especially carefully. To more accurately identify the genetic predisposition, it is necessary to conduct a genetic study for the mutation of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. If there is such a mutation, then the likelihood of developing this disease increases. And you need to regularly visit an oncologist so as not to miss the early development of the disease and treat it in time.
The second risk factor is hormonal. It is affected by the absence of childbirth, the lack of lactation and feeding the child, the first pregnancy over the age of 30 years. In this case, the amount of milk does not matter. The very fact of the lack of lactation matters.
Factors increase the risk of cancer
- too early onset of menstruation or late onset of menopause (after 50 years)
- early (before 16 years) or late (after 30 years) onset of sexual activity
- sexual irregularity and dissatisfaction with it
- mastitis or breast injury
- elevated levels of the female sex hormone estrogen
- previous ovarian cancer
- endocrinological diseases (eg, thyroid disease) and metabolic disorders (including obesity)
- age over 35-40 years – according to statistics, cancer more often attacks women during and after menopause.
All these categories of women should be especially carefully examined and after 35 years of age, mammograms should be done regularly.
But we must understand that those who do not have any of the above factors can also get sick.
What happens with breast cancer
The mutated cell begins to multiply intensively, turning into a rapidly growing cancerous tumor. Without treatment, it quickly increases in size, grows into the skin, muscles and / or chest wall. Through the lymphatic vessels, cancer cells enter the nearest lymph nodes. With the blood flow, they are carried throughout the body, giving rise to new tumors – metastases. Most often, breast cancer metastasizes to the lungs, liver, bones, and brain.
Breast cancer, like all other oncological diseases, it is desirable to identify as early as possible, while there is still a chance for a complete cure.
A woman who cares about her health should have an annual ultrasound of the mammary glands and, after the age of 40, have a mammogram and visit a mammologist, even if nothing bothers her.
Cancer is best treated at the earliest stage, when it is impossible to feel the tumor and it still does not give any symptoms of general malaise.
Why doesn’t self-examination work? Even 5-10 years ago, women were told that breast cancer is a disease in which a woman is able to take care of herself and regularly examine her mammary glands herself.
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