What are the causes of hair loss?
The causes of hair loss can be very different. Finding the cause of hair loss is not always an easy task and largely depends on gender, heredity and the impact of various damaging factors.
Hair Loss – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options- 2022
What is hair loss?
The medical term for hair loss is alopecia and is used to refer to any type of hair loss affecting any area of the head, limbs or body. The word alopecia is Latin, but if its origins are traced to the ancient Greek language, the word alopecia means fox, and alopecia was a term used to mean scabies in foxes.
Hair loss can be due to many different causes, including genetic and environmental factors. Interestingly, many diseases can occur solely or mainly with a complaint of hair loss.
One of the most common causes of hair loss is androgenic alopecia. Other common causes of hair loss can be telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, ringworm, after cosmetic procedures. Rare forms of hair loss are more difficult to diagnose, it is necessary to do research, however, in some cases the condition may remain undiagnosed. In some cases, there may be no suitable treatment.
In recent years, research on human hair, the causes of hair loss, and the development of new treatments has expanded. This is very optimistic, especially for people who are affected by rare types and forms of hair loss.
What are the symptoms and signs of hair loss?
Hair loss is a completely normal phenomenon due to the hair cycle. About 100 hairs can normally fall out in one day. Hair loss usually results in more than 100 hairs per day.
The symptoms of hair loss can be different depending on gender, age and especially the cause of hair loss. In cases where hair loss is due to various internal diseases, this could be the only symptom and the only complaint that leads to the correct diagnosis.
In these cases, there may be other symptoms besides hair loss. In most cases, hair loss can be due to frequent hair coloring, use of a hair dryer, curling iron, press or styling products. Taking certain medications, malnutrition, various infections, hormonal disorders, some systemic or skin diseases can also lead to hair loss.
Hair loss is usually not accompanied by any other complaints. The change in hair can be noticed both while looking in the mirror and by relatives or the hairdresser.
Consultation with a doctor for hair loss is mandatory when, in addition to hair loss, there are any of the following symptoms: skin rash, fever, weight loss, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, pain, confusion, difficulty breathing.
What are the causes of hair loss?
The causes of hair loss can be very different. Finding the cause of hair loss is not always an easy task and largely depends on gender, heredity and the impact of various damaging factors. Hair loss can be due to a large group of diseases, each of which is characterized by various possible causes.
How is hair loss diagnosed?
Diagnosing hair loss in women is more difficult than in men. In 90% of cases in men it is a male type of hair loss (androgenic alopecia). In women, however, hair loss can be due to many different causes or conditions.
To determine the cause of hair loss, it is necessary to do some research. These tests can rule out various diseases that could cause hair loss. In most cases, these tests show normal results, but this is also very important because it helps the correct diagnosis.
Diagnostic tests for hair loss include:
The hair pull test is also called the pull-test. This method is easy to implement, and at the same time gives a lot of useful information.
It is performed on hair that has not been washed for several days. Grasp about 50 to 100 hairs with three fingers, then pull. The test can be repeated several times. With the help of this method you can assess whether there is excessive hair loss.
The densitometer is a small device that creates a magnification and this allows direct monitoring for the presence of hair miniaturization.
Take a small piece of skin 3-4 mm in diameter and examine it under a microscope to determine the type or cause of hair loss.
- Complete blood count
- Serum iron
- Serum ferritin
- Total iron binding capacity
- Hormonal tests (testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAs), prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, etc.)
- Thyroid hormones (T3, T4, TSH)
- Syphilis screening (TPHA, VDRL)
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