03/12/2022
Nutrition

The harms of unhealthy nutrition and its effects on our body – 2022

nutrition

The harms of unhealthy nutrition and its effects on our body

If we had to choose between broccoli and chocolate cake, most of us would prefer cake. Nutrition

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How the food you eat affects your brain – Mia Nacamulli

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What happens if we do not eat healthy: The harms of unhealthy nutrition and its effects on our body

If we had to choose between broccoli and chocolate cake, most of us would prefer cake. So, how is our body affected when we consume more processed foods or sugary snacks compared to healthy foods?

Increases the risk of depression

Unhealthy eating habits play an important role in brain function and blood sugar control, and therefore in our mood. In a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry in 2010, participants who followed a “traditional” diet that included vegetables, fruits, fish, meat and whole grains; It turned out that participants who followed a “western” diet rich in refined grains, sugar and processed foods experienced less depressive disorders than participants.

Decreases brain functionality

A diet high in sugar and fat suppresses the activity of brain peptides that aid learning and memory formation. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2011 found that healthy people who ate foods high in calories, salt, and fat for just five days performed poorly on cognitive tests.

causes heart disease

A diet high in fat, cholesterol and sugar and low in fruit, vegetable and whole grain consumption increases not only the risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol, but also the risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis caused by narrowing of the arteries. This can cause both heart attack and stroke.

leads to weight gain

There is a strong link between our eating habits and our body weight. Studies show that individuals who consume an energy diet high in fat and sugar have higher body weight and body fat percentages. As the amount of fat in our body increases, the probability of developing type 2 diabetes increases. In addition, the consumption of large amounts of refined foods causes blood sugar levels to fluctuate rapidly.

Increases the risk of dementia

We know that insulin is produced in the pancreas and helps in transporting glucose to fuel the body. Insulin is also produced in the brain, where it helps carry signals between nerve cells and shape memories. A study conducted at Brown University shows that consuming too much fatty and sugary foods can significantly increase insulin levels in our body. When insulin levels rise, as in the case of Type 2 Diabetes, the brain stops responding to this hormone and resists it. This can limit our ability to think quickly, remember, or create, thereby increasing the risk of Alzheimer’s.

It causes intestinal problems, we cannot meet the amount of fiber our body needs with a diet high in unhealthy foods. This can lead to indigestion, heartburn, diarrhea and constipation in our digestive system.

Increases risk of osteoporosis

A diet high in sugar and processed foods leads to less calcium and phosphate intake. This means less bone density and weaker bone.

Causes blood pressure to rise

Not enough water consumption in our diet, high sodium and saturated fats can cause high blood pressure. The World Health Organization recommends a salt intake of no more than 5 grams per person per day for the prevention of high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases.

A healthy diet not only makes us feel good, but also reduces our risk of many diseases. Adequate and balanced nutrition is an important part of a healthy life. The way to prevent the consequences of an unhealthy diet is to establish healthy eating patterns. Identify the eating habits you want to change and do it gradually. You may not be able to provide the energy and nutrients your body needs in a healthy diet that you try to apply on your own. Therefore, do not forget to seek help from a dietitian for a balanced diet.

 

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