Skin tumors: How to Distinguish a Breed From Melonoma?
Types of Skin Cancer – 2022
Moderate risk factors for skin cancer include:
- Systematic intensive irradiation with ultraviolet rays (for office workers – a rest period of 14 days).
- Regular visits to solariums under the age of 30.
- Irradiation with sunlight in childhood and adolescence.
- Light skin.
- Geographical location.
High risk factors for skin cancer include:
- History of cancer (especially up to 40 years).
- The presence on the skin of more than 8 nevi, with a diameter of more than 6 mm.
- Changes in the appearance of the nevus.
- Family history of dysplastic nevi syndrome and skin cancer.
- Giant nevus from birth (more than 150 mm).
- Pigmented xeroderma.
Severe sunburn, the presence of trophic ulcers or scar tissue in the area of limb flexion can provoke the development of cancer.
With the development of this disease is characterized by a rapid decline in vision. In the later stages of the disease, the perception of light is lost, and treating oncology at a later stage becomes increasingly difficult. Therefore, at the first symptoms it is necessary to urgently make an appointment with an oncologist.
Given the high malignancy of melanoma, preventive measures for these tumors are of great practical importance. A very important role in the degeneration of malignant mole is its injury, which is accompanied by blood flow, the development of inflammation, insolation. Nevi, which are located in places of regular injury, are subject to injury. Such places include:
- The scalp.
- Lumbar area.
- Cell area.
- Area of interaction with the bra, etc.
As a prophylaxis, it is also recommended to remove all pigment spots with signs of malignancy. You can not bandage moles and any tumors with threads, cut with a blade, scissors. It is also not recommended to stay in the sun for a long time and visit the solarium. It is useful to close your eyes with sunglasses. It is also recommended to undergo a general medical examination at least once a year.
How to recognize melonoma?
The tumor develops as follows:
- The size changes – the previous mole grows or a new mole is formed quickly.
- The shape changes – the contours of an existing mole or a new formation on the skin are not clear.
- Color change – a variety of brown and black shades on the old or new nevus, mole.
Secondary clinical signs of melanoma:
- The growth of the tumor is more than 7 mm in diameter – often benign nevi (moles) are smaller in size.
- The development of the inflammatory process in non-malignant neoplasms is uncommon, unless they are regularly injured.
- There is crusting or bleeding from contact with clothing, such as a bra or socks. It usually occurs in the early stages of cancer and is not characteristic of nevi.
- If you develop negative symptoms, you should visit an oncologist. The doctor will perform an examination, schedule an examination, confirm or deny the diagnosis.
Features of Melanoma Development
Most cancers occur in the weaker sex, but can also develop in men. The tumor grows rapidly and poses a real threat to human life. Statistics on the treatment of this type of cancer is not the most positive, but progress in medicine is present. The result depends on the following factors:
- Where is the development directed. If the tumor grows horizontally, the prognosis is good.
- Gender – women are cured more often.
- Pigmentation – if it is, the prognosis is favorable.
- Safer location – hands.
- The presence of ulcers. If there is an ulcer, treatment should be carried out as soon as possible.
- Tumor thickness.
Malignant education not only develops rapidly, but also spreads deep into the epidermis – into blood vessels, lymph nodes, and later – the internal organs. Thus there is a process of metastasis, as a result of which the organs cease to function normally.
How to Distinguish a Breed From Melonoma?
A cute mole on any part of the human body touches, attracts attention, is a hallmark. However, not everyone knows that a mole (medical name – nevus) can sometimes regenerate into a malignant skin tumor – melanoma. Symptoms of degeneration into a malignant tumor are as follows:
- Fuzzy edges.
- Hair loss at the site of the nevus.
- The appearance of ulcers (as a result of bleeding), the prognosis is very poor.
- The color of a cancerous mole is usually black ash, dark brown.
A normal mole should not bother you. But if there are signs of rebirth in oncology, you should urgently visit a medical center. Otherwise, there will be negative consequences.
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