Signs of hair loss
Hair loss often indicates the presence of certain disorders or diseases in the body.
Signs of hair loss
- more than 15 hairs fall out after shampooing;
- a large amount of hair remains on the comb;
- separate “islands” devoid of hair appear on the head;
- there may be partial loss of eyelashes and eyebrows;
- itching and flaking of the scalp.
Hair loss often indicates the presence of certain disorders or diseases in the body. To properly deal with the problem of alopecia (baldness), you need to understand the causes of its occurrence.
Causes of Hair Loss
- genetic predisposition;
- the effect of harmful chemicals, radiation – often hair loss occurs after chemotherapy in the treatment of oncology;
- development of autoimmune diseases;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- impaired blood circulation of the scalp and cervical region;
- the development of infections, the spread of parasites;
- transferred operations and injuries;
- malnutrition or debilitating diets;
- lack of vitamins in the body;
- severe stress, depression;
- long-term medication.
The causes of baldness listed above apply to both men and women. However, let’s take a closer look at the causes of hair loss in women. Most often, the cause of an unpleasant problem can be changes in the hormonal background of a woman. Increased hair loss in women often begins a few weeks after giving birth and can last up to several months. This often happens due to increased levels of stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, reduced protein levels in the body.
During pregnancy itself, hair can also fall out, especially if the expectant mother does not adhere to a balanced diet. Due to the deficiency of nutrients, baldness appears, since most of the nutrients and nutrients are spent on maintaining the health of the baby in the womb.
The body of a woman over the age of 40 is again undergoing hormonal changes due to the fact that she is preparing for menopause. The unstable emotional state of a woman during this period and a decrease in metabolism also affect the condition of the hair follicles, the hair is malnourished and weakened.
As for improper hair care: the constant use of a hair dryer, curling iron or hair straightener, dyeing with chemicals, etc., only exacerbate an existing problem and are unlikely to become the true cause of baldness on their own.
What is hair loss like?
- Focal or nested – separate “nests” appear on the head, on which at first the hair thins, and then completely falls out. The foci of loss have clear contours. Often this type of alopecia can be observed in men. In women, it is accompanied by loss of eyelashes and eyebrows.
- Symptomatic or diffuse – the hair falls out evenly over the entire head, and the remaining hairs become thinner and thinner. Baldness in this case is the result of a serious chronic disease. The prolapse disappears after the course of treatment of the underlying disease.
- Androgenic is a common type of hair loss in men. An irreversible process that leads to complete loss of hair on the head. Baldness begins unexpectedly in the frontal zone – in men and in the parting area – in women. The first signs of androgenic hair loss are a strong thinning of the hair and a decrease in their number. If you notice the problem in time and contact a specialist, you can completely stop the process of alopecia, but the lost hair cannot be returned.
- Seborrheic – often found in women. Seborrhea is a condition of the scalp in which there is abundant sebum secretion. As a result, a stratum corneum forms on the scalp, which is accompanied by itching of the head, flaking and hair loss. The process of loss in this case is reversible, you just need to cure the cause.
- Hereditary – often falling out as a result of a genetic predisposition is accompanied by brittle nails and dystrophy of the teeth. This is a common cause of baldness in men, it is extremely rare in women.
- Cicatricial – at the site of severe injury, scars and scars are formed. At this point, hair follicles stop growing for life. Infectious diseases, burns or injuries can provoke cicatricial alopecia.
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