Scoliosis symptoms and causes – 2022


Scoliosis symptoms and causes

9 out of 10 scoliosis are recognized as idiopathic (“idiopathic” in Latin – “the disease itself”), since the cause cannot be found.

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Scoliosis 2 degrees – features

Scoliotic disease of the 2nd degree is a lateral curvature of the spine that has reached 10°, but not exceeding 25°. The apex of curvature can be directed both to the right and to the left.

Deformity of the 2nd degree is more difficult to correct, compared to the first, and has a more vivid clinical picture. At such an angle of the scoliotic arc, biomechanics is disturbed and a noticeable asymmetry of the body occurs.


9 out of 10 scoliosis are recognized as idiopathic (“idiopathic” in Latin – “the disease itself”), since the cause cannot be found. There is still no consensus among doctors and scientists about the true origin of the deformation, except for theories and hypotheses.

Presumably, causative factors can be hereditary, endocrine, muscular, neurovascular dysfunctions, as well as pathologies of the central nervous system. But the statement of the German neurologist Eulenburg is still relevant today: “Listing views and assumptions on the nature of scoliosis is a rather boring task.”


Deformation of the spine of the 2nd degree is easily determined by external signs, including:

  • well-marked stoop;
  • the presence of the so-called “costal hump”, which protrudes from one side of the back if the patient leans down;
  • a roller of spasmodic muscles in the lumbar region;
  • visible deviation of the spinal segment from the longitudinal axis, which does not disappear in any position of the body;
  • prolapse of the pelvic bone from the side of the curvature;
  • asymmetry of the triangles of the waist: this refers to the different distance between the arms lowered down and the waist.

With 2 degrees of scoliosis, the back hurts more often and longer, when compared with the 1st degree. The pain appears after physical exertion and being in one position for a long time.


Pathology is classified according to the time of occurrence, localization of the curve of the arc, flow velocity and side of the apex of the curvature.

According to the first classification, scoliosis has 3 types:

  • infantile, diagnosed in the first 3 years of a child’s life;
  • juvenile, developing from 4 to 6 years;
  • teenage, which manifests between the 10th and 14th years.

According to the localization of the curved arc, it happens:

  • cervicothoracic;
  • chest;
  • thoracolumbar;
  • lumbar;
  • lumbosacral.

According to the rate of flow, the deformation is divided into progressive and stable – non-progressive.

The top of the curvature can be directed to the left or right side, on this basis, scoliosis is classified into left- and right-sided, respectively.


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