Scoliosis: Conservative therapy
The treatment of scoliosis depends on the severity and the age of the patient. In mild cases, targeted strengthening of the back muscles is often sufficient.
What is scoliosis?
When viewed from behind, a healthy spine runs in a straight, vertical line. If there is a curvature of the spine to the left or right, this is referred to as scoliosis. Sideways inclination often occurs in the area of the thoracic or lumbar spine.
Cause of scoliosis
Scoliosis often develops during growth in childhood and adolescence. Girls are affected more often than boys. The exact reason why some growers develop scoliosis is not known. The other common form is scoliosis in old age, which occurs as a result of wear and tear on the spine.
Symptoms of scoliosis
Back pain and muscle tension, but also knee pain or neck pain due to oblique posture are typical symptoms of scoliosis. A tilted pelvis or unevenly raised shoulders are external symptoms of scoliosis.
Externally, the curvature of the spine is best seen from behind when the upper body is bent forward. The exact extent of the lateral curvature is measured with an X-ray and given in degrees. The angle of curvature of the curvature gives information about the severity of the disease and gives
Types of scoliosis
Scoliosis can be subdivided, among other things, according to its origin: A distinction is made between an idiopathic and secondary spinal curvature. While no trigger can be found for idiopathic scoliosis, secondary scoliosis is based on a specific cause.
The curvature of the spine can also be differentiated by the time it occurred. Scoliosis can occur as a particularly early form in infancy – this is referred to as infant scoliosis. In many cases, this form of curvature resolves on its own. In the case of an illness up to the age of three, one speaks of infantile scoliosis. Juvenile scoliosis is defined as illness before the age of ten.
The most common form of scoliosis (adolescent scoliosis) only occurs from the age of eleven. Girls are affected more often than boys.
The treatment of scoliosis depends on the severity and the age of the patient. In mild cases, targeted strengthening of the back muscles is often sufficient. In more severe cases in adolescence, a support corset must occasionally be worn. The main goal of treatment is to stop the progression of the lateral curve.
Surgical treatment is used when the symptoms are very severe or the progressive curvature of the spine cannot be sufficiently stopped with conservative therapy alone. During an operation, the affected part of the patient’s spine is straightened and stabilized with plates and screws.
In 80 percent of all cases of illness, there is no cause for the disease, which is why it cannot be effectively prevented.
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