Hair Loss In Children
Hair loss in children can be a very traumatic experience for both children and parents.
Hair loss in children
Hair loss in children can be a very traumatic experience for both children and parents. This problem negatively affects the delicate psyche and child’s self-confidence. Fortunately, alopecia in children occurs much less frequently, up to 3% of children experience this uncomfortable situation.
Hair loss in children is common and, as in adults, is part of the hair life cycle. The hair actively grows, then enters a dormant phase and finally falls out, and is replaced by new hair. If this natural flow is disrupted, there is increased hair loss and new hair does not grow. And then it’s time to react.
Hair loss in children can be temporary or permanent.
If you notice that your child’s hair suddenly falls out, thins or changes in quality, you should immediately look for the causes and the solution. Do not wait for the problem to resolve spontaneously. Never try to treat it on your own, especially without listening to unprofessional advice from the environment and internet portals.
A hair doctor is called a trichologist, and the good news is that there are effective treatments for most hair loss problems in children.
Forms of hair loss in children?
The causes of hair loss in children are different and individual. However, trichologists distinguish several common causes of alopecia in children.
How do you know if your child has alopecia areata? You will recognize it by the characteristic hair loss in the form of round prints. It is an autoimmune disease and in many children the hair grows back. In 5% of children, it develops into alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis, which means complete hair loss on the head and whole body. There is no specific cure for this problem, but there are methods to treat alopecia areata that keep the disease under control and accelerate hair regrowth. Children with this disease will respond to all stressful situations with temporary hair loss.
Tinea capitis is the most common cause of hair loss in children. It is a fungus that attacks the hair and scalp. It is highly contagious, easily transmitted and is therefore most common in school-age children. You will recognize it by white patches on the head, similar to dandruff and increased itching. The hair looks broken and looks like a black dot. It is encouraging that tinea capitis is easily treated with antifungal therapy and special shampoos, but you must be consistent and persistent in your application. Because of this and other scalp infections, children are not advised to share bedding, towels, combs, hats and hairpins.
Traction alopecia occurs as a consequence of mechanical trauma to the hair. It is caused by overly tight buns, ponytails, braids, clips, popular accessories and hairpins, but also chemicals and hair care and styling appliances. Thus, the hair follicle is damaged, so hair loss occurs, most often in girls. If you notice increased hair loss, especially on the valves, immediately “leave it free”. Do not allow permanent damage, because then the treatment is more complicated and longer.
Hair falls out more and more if the child has an obsessive compulsive need to constantly pull, twist and touch it. This disorder is caused by a certain trauma, and the child is relieved of tension by pulling the hair. Baldness is therefore more pronounced on the side of the dominant hand. In the treatment of trichotillomania in children, it is necessary to involve a psychologist in addition to the trichologist.
Hair loss in children due to hormones
Hormonal imbalances due to thyroid disorders can cause increased hair loss. In the therapy, in addition to the treatment of alopecia, it is necessary to treat the thyroid gland.
Treatment of hair loss in children
Increased hair loss in children is an alarm and a sign that the child has a major health problem. In the treatment of alopecia in children, therefore, at the same time, work is done on the treatment of hair loss, but also the cause is solved.
As soon as you notice hair loss in your child, seek the advice of a pediatrician or trichologist. The sooner you seek professional help, the faster and more successful the treatment of hair loss in children.
The good news is that in most children with hair loss, it grows back after a while. For major follicular damage, there are certain methods and preparations for treating alopecia, and it is most important to contact a verified specialist.
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