Hair loss: 6 scientifically supported treatments in the world
Throughout history, different versions regarding hair loss generated a series of myths around the subject.
Hair loss: 6 scientifically supported treatments in the world
Throughout history, different versions regarding hair loss generated a series of myths around the subject. The use of caps or helmets, the autumn months, or frequent hair washing are part of a long list of false beliefs that circulate in society as possible causes of hair loss.
However, according to Nicolás Lusicic (MN 80.872), a specialist in aesthetic plastic, reparative and hair restoration surgery, hair loss has nothing to do with the aforementioned causes. “You can eat very healthy and have hair loss. The roots are located half a centimeter deep -from the scalp- and contain the genetic information that determines whether the hair will fall out or not. Whether I wash it or not, the roots don’t even know,” explains the expert. In addition to this, men and women suffer from the phenomenon differently.
“Currently, there are a billion bald people in the world. 70% of men will lose their hair and 40% of women will,” says Lusicic, who serves as president of Hair Recovery
Hair loss in men
“In 98% of cases they lose their hair due to hereditary causes. It is known as androgenic alopecia and affects the upper region of the head, preserving the hair on the back and sides”, describes Dr. Alejandra Susacasa, surgeon MN 84.966 and member of the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. Normally, it can start after the age of 18 or 20, but in general, the largest number of consultations that Hair Recovery professionals receive in their 35 clinics start from the age of 30.
Those who have lost capillary density, as well as those who have advanced baldness, but retain a good amount of hair on the nape of the neck, Susacasa details that “it is likely that a Hair-by-Hair Microtransplant will need to be performed.”
Hair loss in women
Unlike men, the causes of loss are more complex and diverse. First of all, most women suffer from thinning or hair loss that compromises their entire scalp, that is, the loss is diffuse.
“After the physical examination and a complete blood test, we came to the conclusion that hormonal disorders and, in particular, dysfunction of the thyroid gland, are responsible for many women who suffer from hair loss”, explains Mabel Amen, dermatologist MN 74,613 from Hair Recovery.
On the other hand, estrogens are anabolic hormones in the female sex and act as a protective shield for the hair. “When the person enters the menopause, these levels drop and there begins to be a general thinning of all the hair and fall,” Amen points out.
Likewise, conditions such as malabsorption syndrome, celiac disease, anemia, rheumatic diseases, overweight or those pathologies related to the intake of medications can collaborate with hair loss. For these cases it is important to reach a correct diagnosis and modify the underlying pathology.
On the other hand, when the cause is strictly linked to stress, “small islands” can be seen that appear anywhere on the scalp and can even compromise the eyebrows.
“In the office we have 40% of women with hormonal dysfunctions and 15% with stress problems and other causes such as hereditary, autoimmune, which are among the most frequent”, indicates the Hair Recovery specialist
Hair loss treatments
Worldwide, the most effective treatment to recover hair is the Hair Microtransplant, endorsed by the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS). Since the appearance of the FUE (Follicular unit extraction) technique, special machines have been used to remove hair by hair without leaving visible scars. It is an advanced system with which eyebrows, sideburns, mustaches and beards are also restored, with the intention of camouflaging scars from accidents or facial burns. “Before, the procedures left a permanent scar. Now you remove hair by hair with the extractor”, says Lusicic. “In a few days the patient returns to his daily routine after the transplant,” says the professional.
However, the advancement of technology has achieved that hair transplants are performed by a robot (ARTAS) with artificial intelligence. The ARTAS 9.5X robot can extract hair for hours and with the greatest precision from roots before being transplanted. Through an 80-inch screen, the permanent supervision of a specialist surgeon is carried out. “Forty-eight hours after the transplant, the patient can return to their usual occupations, after three months the changes begin to be noticed and after a year they can enjoy a new head of hair,” Lusicic points out.
“During the last decade, robotic procedures have advanced in excellence, to help surgeons in more precise, repetitive work and in more difficult areas”, underlines the president of Hair Recovery.
Another of the treatments carried out at Hair Recovery is mesotherapy based on Nutrifol. “It consists of taking the least amount of active ingredients possible and placing them directly on the affected roots. Panthenol, biotin, anti-loss products and other hair growth stimulants are used in this technique”, explains Amen. And he points out: “It is important to note that any treatment for hair loss must have a minimum extension of 3 months to begin to perceive real results.”
For those people who want to carry out natural treatments -without medications-, the platelet-rich plasma known as Plasma Hair becomes the ideal option. According to the experts, with the patient’s own blood, a platelet concentrate with a high content of growth factors can be obtained, which minutes later will be applied to the entire surface of the scalp to “fertilize” the hair roots.
On the other hand, vitamins, amino acids and minerals help strengthen and nourish hair. “The beneficial effect of some amino acids such as cystine and cysteine for hair production is known, as well as group B vitamins and minerals such as iron, zinc and magnesium. Oral administration for a few months is usually an ally in the treatment of many people who suffer from alopecia”, indicates Amen.
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