Functional scoliosis is caused by an underlying problem such as muscle spasms, uneven leg length or vertebrae that are not aligned properly.
Technique, side effects, result
When the side curvature of the spine is more than 45 degrees, surgical treatment is shown. The operation is performed under general anesthesia, for this reason it is recommended to pass a number of examinations before it.
Usually, the operation lasts 2-6 hours, depending on the complexity of the scoliosis and the patient’s health status. The method of surgery depends on several factors: age, sex, degree of curvature, presence or absence of additional anomalies (rib hump).
Some patients may undergo a course of chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery. After surgery, they are usually prescribed a course of radiotherapy to destroy any remaining tumor cells. In some cases, chemotherapy can be prescribed after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence. The exact treatment regimen depends on many factors and must be agreed with your doctor.
The recovery period after scoliosis surgery may vary from a few days to several months depending on your individual condition after surgery and on how quickly you recover from it.
Scoliosis is a side curvature of the spine. It occurs in adolescents or pre-adolescents and can be detected by screening. The condition can be treated with braces or, in severe cases, surgery.
Children between 8 and 10 years old are screened for scoliosis during their annual well-child visit. The doctor will examine the child’s back and ask whether there is pain. The child may need to bend forward, raise arms, and turn around for the doctor to determine whether the spine is curved sideways or rotated. If your child has scoliosis, treatment will depend on your child’s age, how severe the curve is, and how fast the curve is worsening.
Treatment options include:
Observation: The doctor may recommend observation if your child has mild scoliosis with no symptoms. Your child will be seen regularly by your doctor or a specialist (orthopedist) to check the progression of the curve.
Bracing: If your child’s skeletal maturity is not full but the curve of the spine has started to worsen quickly (progressed more than 5 degrees over 4 to 6 months), a brace may be recommended.
Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the back, the spine should show a straight vertical line. With scoliosis, however, the spine displays a side-to-side curve with rotations that cause the vertebrae to also lean forward or backward. The patient may be leaning to one side, with one shoulder and hip appearing higher than those on the other side. There are three types of scoliosis: functional scoliosis, neuromuscular scoliosis and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, is one of the most common orthopedic problems. It can occur in people of any age and ethnicity, although in most cases, it affects girls and young women. The problem occurs due to muscle weakness or asymmetrical development, which is why the spine takes an irregular shape. In the most severe cases, scoliosis is not amenable to conservative treatment and requires spinal fusion.
Functional scoliosis is caused by an underlying problem such as muscle spasms, uneven leg length or vertebrae that are not aligned properly. It typically occurs in older people who have had chronic back problems for many years such as osteoarthritis or degenerative disc disease. Although it can occur at any age, functional scoliosis is often associated with severe degenerative disc disease (breakdown of discs), leg length inequality and arthritis of the lumbar spine. These conditions cause pain and limit spinal movement resulting in abnormal positioning of the spine.
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