09/12/2022
Eye Care

Eye Care: Early blocking of corneal burns and wearing sunglasses – 2022

eye care

Dental: Early blocking of corneal burns and wearing sunglasses

For baseball fans, April is the month they look forward to when the full-fledged professional baseball season begins. Eye care

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Eye health tips from eye specialists

As spring approaches, our body becomes more susceptible to exposure to various external stimuli. As more opportunities for outdoor activities such as the start of the baseball season and spring flower festivals increase, exposure to external stimuli such as yellow sand wind, pollen, fine dust, and ultraviolet rays increases, and immunity is weakened during winter, and even a small stimulus can develop into a serious illness. .
In particular, the eyes, which are the most sensitive in the body, can quickly appear in various types of eye diseases when exposed to external stimuli. Early management and prevention of such eye diseases is the best way. How do ophthalmologists who treat many people’s eyes every day manage their eye health?

Early blocking of corneal burns and wearing sunglasses

For baseball fans, April is the month they look forward to when the full-fledged professional baseball season begins. It is natural for baseball fans to enjoy the warmer weather and watch a baseball game in person, but in the case of a daytime game, watching a game in the sunlight can cause burns to the cornea of ​​your eyes.

Burns of the eye, also called photokeratitis, is when the cornea of ​​the eye, like the skin, is burned by heat or chemicals. Because the cornea is much thinner and weaker than the skin, it is more prone to burns. Photokeratitis is usually divided into two categories: burns caused by heat such as burns or ultraviolet rays, and burns caused by chemical factors such as hydrochloric acid or gypsum powder.

In the springtime like these days, if your eyes are exposed to strong sunlight for a long time, you may get corneal burns. The symptoms of photokeratitis include pain like sand being sprinkled with symptoms such as tight, stinging, tearing, and sore eyes, and rubbing the eyes can also cause bacterial infection.

He also said, “I don’t forget to wear a hat along with sunglasses when I enjoy sports such as golf, mountaineering, and baseball.” “It’s a minor habit, but by making it a habit to wear sunglasses, you can protect your eyes from UV rays, as well as protect your eyes from fine dust from yellow dust. If a foreign substance enters the eye area, wash your eyes thoroughly with saline or mild artificial tears, and then consult an ophthalmologist.”

Prevention of keratoconjunctivitis starts with hand washing

As the warm spring weather began, the thickness of the clothes naturally became thinner and the colors became brighter. However, in these days when the daily temperature difference is large, thin spring fashion can cause a cold or unexpected eye disease. It is keratoconjunctivitis caused by adenovirus, which can cause mild respiratory diseases such as colds as well as severe respiratory diseases such as pneumonia.

Keratoconjunctivitis is an acute inflammatory disease caused by adenovirus infiltrating the conjunctiva between the eyelids and pupils. In case of infection, it has an incubation period of 5 to 12 days. In the early stage of the onset, the amount of eye mucus increases with severe hyperemia and throbbing of the eyes, and when it becomes severe, the corneal surface epithelial cells are damaged, leaving glare and sub-corneal opacity, which can last for several years.

In the case of healthy adults, symptoms persist for about 2 to 3 weeks and heal spontaneously, but if left unattended, it can develop into other eye diseases and lead to blindness in severe cases. In particular, there is no clear treatment for adenovirus, which appears a lot during the changing seasons, so prevention is the best. Director Lee Hee-kyung is a principle of ‘be sure to wash your hands’ after going out.

Washing your hands frequently is to prevent the spread of germs and viruses to other places and to prevent them from entering the body. Also, do regular eye exercises. After looking at the computer monitor for a long time, gently close your eyes, circle your pupils several times in a circle, rub your hands to warm them up, and then lightly press your eyes to relieve eye strain.

Keep dry eyes healthy during the yellow season… from improving eating habits

The maximum concentration of fine dust from yellow dust in spring is 29 times higher than usual. Due to yellow dust, the concentration of dust and other foreign substances in the atmosphere increases and moisture decreases, making it easier to dry. If the eyes are continuously exposed to the air in the spring, it is easy to get dry eye syndrome.

The number of patients visiting the hospital due to dry eye syndrome increases sharply in March and April. This is because, in many cases, tears supply problems occur when the eyes, whose immunity is weakened during winter, are exposed to warm and dry weather for a long time.

Dry eye syndrome is a disease in which the tears are too dry or the tears are produced too much and the absolute amount of tears to protect the eyes is insufficient. There are symptoms that are difficult to remove naturally due to insufficient tears even when attached.

In addition, it is also the cause of more easily exposed to various secondary eye diseases, including conjunctivitis and keratitis. Even if you manage dry eye syndrome well, you can avoid a lot of eye diseases that can occur in spring.

Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to everything related to the eyes. Director Kim Deok-soo, who suffered from severe dry eye syndrome, recently reduced his intake of flour and coffee. Foods that do not contain minerals and vitamins can cause dry eyes.

As eating habits affect eye health, improvement of eating habits has greatly alleviated dry eye syndrome. Also, to keep the body hydrated, it is practiced to drink at least 1 liter of water a day.

 

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