Eye Care: 8 tips to maintain healthy eyesight
Hygiene is important to keep your eyes healthy, so you should clean around your eyes when washing your face. Eye care…
1. Maintain a healthy diet
Good eye health starts with food! Nutrients such as fatty acids, omega 3, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E help prevent age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts.
So, how to care for eyes through food? You just need to consume:
- Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, lettuce, and kale.
- Salmon, tuna and other oily fish.
- Eggs, nuts, beans and other non-meat protein sources.
- Oranges, tangerines, grapefruit and other citrus fruits (you can also consume these foods in the form of juices).
- Oysters and pork.
2. Maintain proper hygiene
Hygiene is important to keep your eyes healthy, so you should clean around your eyes when washing your face. You should not touch or rub them with your hands as this can expose them to infections.
3. Avoid smoking
If you don’t smoke, congratulations and stay away from smoking! Avoiding smoking is an excellent measure to protect the eyes.
However, if you smoke, you should keep in mind that this habit makes you more prone to cataracts, optic nerve damage, and macular degeneration, among many other medical problems. The best advice for a smoker is to cut down on cigarette consumption.
4. Wear sunglasses
How is eye care done? Wear a suitable pair of glasses! Sunglasses will help protect your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much exposure to UV rays increases the chances of cataracts and macular degeneration.
Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays. Surrounding lenses help protect your eyes by even accounting for side angles, and polarized lenses reduce glare while driving.
5. Use safety glasses
If you are dealing with hazardous materials at work or at home, you should wear safety glasses or safety glasses. You should especially protect yourself from harsh chemicals such as ammonium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, lye, magnesium and lime, which are found in cement in common substances such as fertilizers, ammonia, sewage and oven cleaners.
Other compounds that need your attention are: glass, vinegar, nail polish remover, car batteries, cleaning products, etc. sulfuric, hydrochloric, nitric, acetic, chromic and hydrofluoric acids found in everyday objects such as
Contact sports such as boxing, fencing, karate, judo and taekwondo can cause eye trauma, especially in children, so it is recommended to wear eye protection when performing such activities.
How to look at the eyes when performing contact activities? Wear helmets or sports goggles with a protective face mask.
6. Reduce screen usage
Staring at your computer or phone screen for too long can cause:
- A feeling of tiredness in the eyes.
- blurred vision.
- Difficulty focusing at a distance.
- dry eyes.
- Neck, back and shoulder pain.
Sleeping poorly helps your eyes recover from daily wear and tear. During the night, the cells in the front of the eye are renewed, so try to sleep 8 hours a day.
8. Visit the eye doctor regularly
We all need eye exams, even children. It is recommended that you attend an ophthalmology consultation once a year. In consultation and with appropriate medical evaluations, diseases are ruled out, treatment of conditions is started, and appropriate formulas are prescribed in cases where lenses are required.
During the ophthalmological consultation, considerations such as:
Family and individual history of vision health.
Eye exams including: computer vision measurement; computerized intraocular pressure; visual acuity test – refraction; eye fundus; etc., to rule out whether there is myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism (curved cornea that impairs vision) or presbyopia (age-related vision changes).
If the specialist sees any abnormality in the examinations within the scope of the general ophthalmology consultation, he may request some special ophthalmological examinations from the patient.
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