Dental: How Should Oral Care Be?
The foundation of oral care is bacterial plaque control. Bacterial plaque, microbial dental plaque or scaling is the main cause of cavities, gingivitis…
How Should Oral Care Be?
The foundation of oral care is bacterial plaque control. Bacterial plaque, microbial dental plaque or scaling is the main cause of cavities, gingivitis and tartar formation on our teeth. This appendix must be removed from the mouth. This can only be achieved with effective and continuous maintenance. It is primarily based on mechanical cleaning. Chemical plaque control (toothpastes and mouthwashes) is beneficial only when applied together with mechanical cleaning.
Oral Care And Mechanical Plate Control
Materials recommended to be used for our oral and dental health;
5-They are mouth showers.
Toothbrushes, dental floss and interface brushes are the most frequently used materials for dental care and bacterial plaque control.
Small-headed, thick-handled brushes should be preferred for children.
Finger brushes are recommended for cleaning the newborn’s mouth.
FINGER BRUSH used for cleaning baby teeth
Tooth brushing is the most important part of our oral health.
Thanks to brushing, we clean 2/3 of the total surface area of our teeth.
The patient’s oral structure and dexterity are important in determining the type of toothbrush to be recommended. The size of the brush and brush tip should be determined from person to person and according to age. Toothbrush is of three types according to the hardness of the bristle bundles as soft, medium and hard.
A good brush has two key features:
1. Having soft (soft) or medium-hard bristles
2. The brush tip is small enough to reach the back teeth.
In general, manual brushes are recommended for people with normal dexterity, and electric brushes are recommended for individuals with weak dexterity, pediatric patients, and individuals with mental and physical disabilities.
Soft-bristled brushes for people with advanced tooth wear,
Medium hard or electric brushes for patients with high caries susceptibility,
Soft or medium hard brushes for individuals with gum disease,
Corrugated brushes and electric brushes surrounding the brackets for patients undergoing orthodontic treatment,
Thick denture brushes are recommended for patients using removable dentures.
For individuals with small jaws or a nausea reflex, using a children’s brush can be a solution.
Toothbrushes must be changed when their bristles are separated (after about 6 months of use).
Hard and excessive brushing habits can cause tooth wear, tooth sensitivity and gum recession.
When applying the toothpaste to the toothbrush; It is especially recommended to apply as much as a chickpea to the middle of the brush, and to push the toothpaste between the bristles of the brush.
Electric Tooth Brushes
Electric toothbrushes, which have become widespread in recent years, offer ease of use for people with orthopedic disabilities or mental problems.
Electric toothbrushes produced today provide the opportunity to reach quite a lot of areas on the tooth surface due to their back and forth and circular movements.
Studies have shown that the cleaning rate in the intermediate areas of the teeth is higher than the brush used by hand.
Effective and correct use of electric toothbrushes gives successful results in preventing bacterial plaque formation.
It has been shown that it is more effective in terms of plaque removal efficiency, especially in people who receive orthodontic treatment. known
Using an electric toothbrush is different from using a manual toothbrush. The electric brush should only be contacted with the teeth and gingival tissues at an angle of 45 degrees, and excessive force should not be applied.
It is an advantage that electric toothbrushes can be used by more than one person, as the brush part can be changed.
When should tooth brushing and oral care begin in children?
When the baby is 6–8 months old (that is, when the first teeth appear in the mouth), the cleaning process can begin. The use of toothpaste is not recommended in infancy and in children with low caries risk, until the age of 2 years due to the risk of swallowing.
Toothpaste use should be started after 2 years of age.
A lentil-sized paste will be sufficient for brushing.
After breakfast and before going to bed at night, it would be appropriate to wipe the teeth with a clean cheesecloth or gauze, and to clean them without paste with the help of soft toothbrushes produced for babies or brushes applied by passing on the finger.
It is quite difficult to implement a technique for brushing milk teeth in preschool children. The important thing at this age should be to give the child the habit of brushing teeth.
When brushing, children often brush the visible or easily accessible surfaces of the teeth. However, in order to prevent caries, it is necessary to clean the interfaces and chewing surfaces of the teeth much better. For this reason, parental control is required during brushing and oral care. This is the first step in terms of oral health education.
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