Dental: Abscess types
Dental abscess – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology – 2022
What is Anal Abscess?
Anal abscess is one of the most common abscesses. Since the anus is a defecation channel, it is a region that is heavily exposed to microbes. The formation of cracks on the surfaces as a result of a strain on the anus, microbes enter from here and multiply, causing anal abscesses to form. These abscesses in the immediate vicinity of the anus are also called perianal abscesses. The word “fairy” means “around”, “around”, and “perianal” means at or near the anus. Synonymously, it is also called rectal abscess. Abscesses in this area can range from a few millimeters to centimeters in diameter. Pain and pain during defecation cause very disturbing complaints in patients such as high fever. A perianal abscess should be treated effectively as soon as it is diagnosed. The basic principle of treatment is surgical drainage and cleaning of the abscess with appropriate and effective antibiotic drug support.
Apart from perianal abscess, another abscess seen in areas close to the anus is pilonidal sinus (pilonidal sinus, coccyx abscess). The basic principle of treatment is surgical drainage and cleaning of the abscess.
What is Coccyx Abscess?
Coccyx abscess removal surgery is the most effective treatment method. It is also necessary for the patient to use antibiotics after surgery. Recovery times after coccyx abscess evacuation and perianal abscess surgery are very fast. Patients feel great relief immediately after the surgery and return to their normal life activities within a day or two.
What is Vaginal Abscess?
Abscess in the vagina is another of the abscesses seen especially in sexually active women. The vagina is an area that is heavily exposed to germs. The formation of cracks on the surfaces as a result of a strain in the vagina, the microbes enter here and multiply, causing an abscess in the vagina. Abscesses in this region can start from a few millimeters in size and reach a diameter of several centimeters. It causes very disturbing complaints in patients such as pain and pain during intercourse, high fever, and foul-smelling discharge. Once an abscess is diagnosed in the vagina, it should be treated effectively. The basic principle of treatment is surgical drainage and cleaning of the abscess with appropriate and effective antibiotic drug support.
What is Peritonsillar Abscess?
Peritonsillar abscess is another common abscess. Tonsils are popularly known as tonsils. It is an area of intense exposure to germs through the mouth. Microbes enter and multiply here, causing inflammation and swelling of the tonsils. If this inflammation progresses, it leads to abscess formation in and around the tonsils in some patients, and this situation is called peritonsillar abscess. The word “peri” means “around”, “around”, and “peritonsillar” means at or near the tonsillar. Abscesses in this region can start from a few millimeters in size and reach a diameter of several centimeters. It causes very disturbing complaints in patients such as severe sore throat, pain and pain during swallowing, and high fever. A peritonsillar abscess should be treated effectively as soon as it is diagnosed. The basic principle in treatment is to drain and clean the abscess with appropriate and effective antibiotic drug support.
What is Periapical Tooth Abscess?
A periapical abscess is an example of the smallest abscess in the body in size that occurs on the teeth. They occur as a result of the settlement of microbes at or around the roots of the teeth due to reasons such as dental caries and gum diseases. Periapical abscesses are also abscesses that cause swelling around them and are extremely painful in patients. These abscesses are also known as tooth abscess or gum abscess. Once an abscess is diagnosed, it should be treated effectively. First of all, treatment is started with the appropriate antibiotic to localize and limit the abscess. Then it is necessary to drain and clean the abscess focus by the dentist.
How does an abscess pass?
How does an abscess pass? Treatment approaches vary according to the location and type of abscess. Basically, evacuation of the abscess focus, that is, its drainage, is the most important principle. However, if the abscess formation is not fully mature, it is absolutely necessary to try to suppress it with an appropriate antibiotic drug. This is important so that the germs in the abscess do not spread throughout the body.
Abscess drainage is the basic principle in abscess treatment. In most abscesses, unless this focus is drained (emptyed), the microbes inside will be a constant source of inflammation in the body. Therefore, abscess drainage is important. Abscess drainage is done with different techniques depending on the location and type of abscess. The abscess focus can be reached and drained with a needle or catheter, or it can be reached by surgical incision. Since the abscess fluid is thick, a relatively thick needle or catheter should be used. E.g; If there is an abscess in the breast, it is drained by entering the abscess with a relatively thick needle injector under the guidance of ultrasonographic imaging. If the inside of the evacuated abscess sac is cleaned by washing with antiseptic liquid injections, the probability of recurrence of the abscess is reduced and the treatment is more successful. It is often necessary and important for the patient to use antibiotics during the treatment of abscesses.
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