Conservative dental treatment
The basic treatments of conservative dentistry are treatment of root canals (endodonts), reconstruction of damaged teeth with fillings and tartar removal.
What is conservative dental treatment?
Conservative dental treatment
Conservative dentistry is a basic discipline of dentistry that takes care of the health and function of the oral cavity and teeth, solving the problem of teeth damaged by caries or trauma.
The basic treatments of conservative dentistry are treatment of root canals (endodonts), reconstruction of damaged teeth with fillings and tartar removal. Caries is the biggest enemy of healthy teeth. The tooth decay causes bacteria in the mouth that feed on the leftover food and thus excrete some acidic metabolites that attack the tooth enamel and create a cavity in the tooth, i. H. caries, form. Daily brushing, rinsing the mouth and flossing are not always sufficient for complete oral hygiene and therefore it is advisable to have regular check-ups at the dentist every 6 months.
Left untreated, tooth decay will spread and invade the interior of the tooth, where the pulp (nerves) reside. The inflamed dental pulp (nerve) must be removed to prevent the infection from spreading further and leading to tooth loss. This is what endodontics deals with. In the past, an inflamed tooth was treated manually and in several sessions, while today special technology is used for this. This state-of-the-art dental technology increases the effectiveness of the treatment and at the same time shortens the duration of the therapy. The use of ultrasonic instruments allows better accessibility to be able to rinse well the inside of the tooth that cannot be cleaned mechanically.
After thorough cleaning, the root canals are permanently filled and sealed and the tooth is preserved.
Filling helps to restore the tooth to its previous appearance, color and dimension. Today, white fillings that are mechanically attached to teeth are no longer a luxury, and local anesthesia is only required when the problem is under the enamel, i.e. in the dentin. After the defect has been eliminated, the tooth is cleaned with a mild acid – this opens the pores on the enamel and dentin. The binding agent is introduced into the open pores – the hardening prepares the binding agent for binding to the filling. The filling is shaped to best fit the natural shape of the tooth. It is then cured with a bright blue lamp. As soon as the filling is firm, the bite is checked and the filling is additionally polished. Inlays and onlays are very similar to fillings and are used for larger tooth damage. The main difference is that they are made in a dental laboratory and then placed in the prepared tooth. They are made of plastic and ceramic. They are very durable, resistant to microcracks and represent the pinnacle of aesthetics and strength.
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